Dry skin? Rough? Red patches? Itchy? General discomfort? 

Your child probably has dry skin with an atopic tendency.

What is atopic eczema?

Atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis is a dysfunction of the skin barrier that leads to dry skin (called xerosis) and inflammation (hence the red patches). 

Less well protected, the skin is more reactive to its environment and reacts accordingly.

It affects infants in particular and affects 10 to 20% of children. 

Its prevalence has been increasing over the last 20 to 30 years in Western countries. 

In babies and infants, the red patches are mainly located on the face (cheeks, under and behind the ears), neck and limbs. The trunk may be affected. 

In children, red patches are seen mainly on the folds (neck, elbows, knees) and extremities (hands, wrists, ankles). 

What are the causes? 

Atopy can be defined genetically: a child whose parent has atopy has a 25% chance of contracting it in turn. If the child has two atopic parents, the probability increases to 50%.

But we cannot neglect the influence of the environment either: stress, pollution, food ingested… All these factors can influence the appearance of a skin with an atopic tendency.

Why does the skin itch?

What are the consequences?

This skin disease has real consequences on the quality of life of the baby but also on the parents.

Indeed, the child can scratch himself to the point of bleeding, these scratches cause a global discomfort of the child’s skin, which will prevent him from sleeping. Because of this lack of sleep, the child is tired and cries during the day because of this permanent discomfort. All these consequences have an impact on the quality of life of the whole family.

That’s why it’s important to use the right products for these skin types with specific needs.